Expressive v receptive language - what is the difference?
Expressive Language - this refers to sounds, words, and actions we use to communicate our message to others. This can be verbal (e.g., statements we make, questions we ask) or nonverbal (e.g., facial expressions, gestures).
Expressive language skills include:
- Intentionality - a child’s desire to start an interaction
- Semantics - having the necessary vocabulary to get your message across including nouns, verbs, adjectives, and prepositions
- Syntax/Morphology – having the appropriate grammar and sentence structure
- Pragmatics – being able to use language to communicate for a variety of reasons (to greet people, ask for things, answer questions, and comment on the environment)
Improving your child’s expressive language skills can help him get his wants and needs met, describe his day, have better conversations with peers, and share his thoughts and ideas with the world.
Receptive Language – this refers to our ability to understand language.
Receptive language skills include:
- Understanding the meaning of words
- Understanding parts of grammar such as prepositions and pronouns
- Following directions
- Understanding the nuances of language such as inflection (e.g., rising inflection means someone is asking a question).
Improving your child’s receptive language skills can help him better understand what is going on in the classroom and at home. This will help him stay engaged and communicate more successfully.
How can a speech-language therapist help my child?
A speech-language therapist is a trained professional who helps to improve a child’s expressive and receptive language skills. They may work on:
- Increasing your child’s need/desire to communicate
- Expanding your child’s vocabulary
- Helping your child to understand grammatical concepts such as pronouns and prepositions
- Showing your child how to use a variety of sentence structures to communicate his ideas more specifically
- Facilitating conversational skills
Home Activities to encourage the development of expressive and receptive language.
There are many ways to incorporate strategies to build expressive and receptive language in your child’s routines. For example, when you are at the grocery store with your child, name each item as you put it in your cart. Talk about the category it belongs to (fruits, vegetables, cereal), what we use it for (e.g., we need soap to wash dishes), and describe the items (e.g., are apples sweet or bitter?). Ask your child to help you put the items IN the bag or take them OUT of the bag. This helps improve your child’s vocabulary, helps with following directions and related grammatical concepts, and keeps him engaged in important daily routines.
Published by Anna Keno - Speech + Language Therapist (BSLT, MNZSTA, ASB, ATCL, MSCA)
Posted: Monday 11 February 2019