Four Speech and Language Elicitation Strategies
Strategy #1: SELF-TALK
Self-talk is learning to talk aloud about what you, the parent or caregiver, are doing when you are around your child. For example, while you are making a snack, you might say, “I’m opening the cupboard. Now I’m picking up the box and I’m going to put these cheese crackers in your round bowl. You love to eat these yummy square shaped crackers!” By completing self-talk, you will teach your child new words about their environment and daily routines.
Strategy #2: PARALLEL TALK
Parallel talk is describing each action that your child is doing. For example, you see your child playing with a toy barn and while playing you say, “Lilly is playing with her barn. You are opening the gate. You made the cow say, “moo.” By completing parallel talk, you are producing a conversation about what your child is doing and this will enrich their vocabulary and concept awareness.
Strategy #3: MODELING
Modelling is about showing and saying what you want your child to do or say before you expect them to do it. For example, at the end of a speech therapy session you might say, “Goodbye and thank you Mrs. Keno.” You then look expectantly at your child and say, “Ricki, what do you say to Mrs. Keno?” Your child then responds by saying, “Goodbye and thank you.” By modelling, you have demonstrated what to say and how to say it and even when to say it.
Strategy #4: EXPANSION
Expansion is adding one or more words on to what your child says when you respond back. For example, if your child says, “bird” you might expand on this one word utterance by saying, “Yes! I see the blue bird.” If your child then says, “bird up.” you might expand again and say, “You’re right! The blue bird is up in the tree.
Posted: Friday 22 February 2019