Four Speech and Language Elicitation Strategies
I am sharing with you four of my favourite strategies I share with parents and caregivers to help enhance their child’s speech and language skills. These strategies can be implemented anywhere! Try them while you help to dress your toddler, prepare meals, during play time at home, in the car or even at a fun place like at the park. The more you use these language elicitation strategies, the more your child should learn to understand and use words. So, please go ahead and try these techniques today. Have fun and don’t forget to praise your child for all of their attempts at speech and language, especially if they attempt or say something new!
Strategy 1 - SELF-TALK
Self-talk is learning to talk aloud about what you, the parent or caregiver, are doing when you are around your child. For example, while you are making a snack, you might say, “I’m opening the cupboard. Now I’m picking up the box and I’m going to put these cheese crackers in your round bowl. You love to eat these yummy square shaped crackers!” By completing self-talk, you will teach your child new words about their environment and daily routines.
Strategy 2 - PARALLEL TALK
Parallel talk is describing each action that your child is doing. For example, you see your child playing with a toy barn and while playing you say, “Abby is playing with her barn. You are opening the gate. You made the cow say, “moo.” By completing parallel talk, you are producing a conversation about what your child is doing and this will enrich their vocabulary and concept awareness.
Strategy 3 - MODELING
Modelling is about showing and saying what you want your child to do or say before you expect them to do it. For example, at the end of a speech therapy session you might say, “Goodbye and thank you Mrs. Keno.” You then look expectantly at your child and say, “Ricki, what do you say to Mrs. Keno?” Your child then responds by saying, “Goodbye and thank you.” By modelling, you have demonstrated what to say and how to say it and even when to say it.
Strategy 4 - EXPANSION
Expansion is adding one or more words on to what your child says when you respond back. For example, if your child says, “bird” you might expand on this one-word utterance by saying, “Yes! I see the blue bird.” If your child then says, “bird up.” you might expand again and say, “You’re right! The blue bird is up in the tree.
REMEMBER - The more you use these language elicitation strategies, the more your child should learn to understand and use words. So, please go ahead and try these techniques today. Have fun and don’t forget to praise your child for all of their attempts at speech and language, especially if they attempt or say something new!
Published by Anna Keno - Speech + Language Therapist (BSLT, MNZSTA, ASB, ATCL, MSCA)
Posted: Friday 22 February 2019